Rockefeller University Scientists use algorithm to peer through opaque brains

Trying to pinpoint signals from individual neurons within a block of brain tissue is like trying to count headlights in thick fog. A new algorithm, developed by researchers based at The Rockefeller University, brings this brain activity into focus. In research described June 26 in Nature Methods, the team, led by Rockefeller’s Alipasha Vaziri, used a light microscope-based technique to capture neural activity within a volume of mouse brain tissue at unprecedented speed. The algorithm allowed ...
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Augusta University research suggest, age and obesity conspire to damage the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, causing heart failure

Age and obesity appear to create a perfect storm that can reduce blood flow through the tiny blood vessels that directly feed our heart muscle and put us at risk for heart failure, scientists report. They call it “aged fat” and scientists now have evidence that the inflammation created by both age and fat have an additive effect that can thicken the walls of our coronary microvasculature without any  evidence of  the classic atherosclerotic plaque that many of us associate with heart disease....
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NASA Prepares for Aug. 21 Total Solar Eclipse with Live Coverage, Safety Information

For the first time in 99 years, a total solar eclipse will occur across the entire continental United States, and NASA is preparing to share this experience of a lifetime on Aug. 21. Viewers around the world will be provided a wealth of images captured before, during, and after the eclipse by 11 spacecraft, at least three NASA aircraft, more than 50 high-altitude balloons, and the astronauts aboard the International Space Station – each offering a unique vantage point for the celestial event....
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FDA approved gammaCore a non-invasive vagus nerve stimulator from electroCore to treat acute pain

electroCore, a neuroscience and technology company dedicated to improving patient outcomes through technological advancement, announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released the use of gammaCore® (non-invasive vagus nerve stimulator) for the acute treatment of pain associated with episodic cluster headache in adult patients. gammaCore transmits a mild electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve through the skin, resulting in a reduction of pain. This is the first FDA product re...
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Stanford researchers develop a new soft, growing robot

Imagine rescuers searching for people in the rubble of a collapsed building. Instead of digging through the debris by hand or having dogs sniff for signs of life, they bring out a small, air-tight cylinder. They place the device at the entrance of the debris and flip a switch. From one end of the cylinder, a tendril extends into the mass of stones and dirt, like a fast-climbing vine. A camera at the tip of the tendril gives rescuers a view of the otherwise unreachable places beneath the rubble. ...
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Sao Paulo Medical journal research suggest, patient mortality rate is Influenced of time elapsed from end of emergency surgery until admission to intensive care unit.

Influence of time elapsed from end of emergency surgery until admission to intensive care unit, on Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) prediction and patient mortality rate The intensive care unit is the part of the hospital that is dedicated to providing a system of continuous surveillance for seriously ill patients who are potentially recoverable or at risk.1 The high-complexity features of these services and their high cost make it difficult to offer enough beds i...
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Patients whose emergency surgery is delayed are at higher risk of death

BACKGROUND: Delay of surgery for hip fracture is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality, but the effects of surgical delays on mortality and resource use in the context of other emergency surgeries is poorly described. Our objective was to measure the independent association between delay of emergency surgery and in-hospital mortality, length of stay and costs. METHODS: We identified all adult patients who underwent emergency noncardiac surgery between January 2012 an...
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CathVision is developing next generation non-invasive technology to guide therapy for arrhythmia

CathVision is developing non-invasive technology to guide therapy for arrhythmia. The company's product visualizes the smallest heart signals. High quality electrophysiology signals are a key component of delivering accurate therapy to complex arrhythmia. Approximately 2% of the Western population suffers from cardiac arrhythmia, and hospital-based catheter ablation procedures are directed at terminating arrhythmia. Still, a number of challenging arrhythmia suffers from unsatisfactory low eff...
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Neddleless computer controlled drug injection

The Portal drug delivery technology is needle-free, fast and computer-controlled. It automatically adjusts the injection velocity up to one thousand times in the half-second it takes to completely deliver a 1 ml dose. The result is the precise administration of high viscosity biologic drugs through the skin, via an extremely collimated jet, the size of a strand of hair. HIPPA-compliant, automatic collection and transfer of injection and health data sets a new standard of engagement between the c...
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University of Texas researcher have identified how pythons regenerate their organs and other secrets of the snake genome.

Evolution takes eons, but it leaves marks on the genomes of organisms that can be detected with DNA sequencing and analysis. As methods for studying and comparing genetic data improve, scientists are beginning to decode these marks to reconstruct the evolutionary history of species, as well as how variants of genes give rise to unique traits. A research team at the University of Texas at Arlington led by assistant professor of biology Todd Castoe has been exploring the genomes of snakes an...
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‘SpaceX’ – ‘Hyperloop Pod Competition II’ August 25-27, 2017

Hyperloop is a proposed mode of passenger and freight transportation that would propel a pod-like vehicle through a reduced-pressure tube that could potentially exceed airliner speeds. SpaceX is revolutionizing terrestrial transportation through its Hyperloop transportation services. The company currently provides these services to innovators and universities interested in high-speed transportation technology and solutions. The Hyperloop system built by SpaceX at its headquarters in Hawthorne...
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Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine (VCOM) and Virginia Tech research study finds common household chemicals are responsible for diminished reproduction in mice

Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine (VCOM) and Virginia Tech researchers who were using a disinfectant when handling mice have discovered that two active ingredients in it cause declines in mouse reproduction. Although the chemicals responsible for the declines are common in household cleaning products and disinfectants used in medical and food preparation settings, including hand sanitizers, academic scientists have never published a rigorous study, until now, on their safety or toxicity...
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University of Notre Dame have found that exposure to just 10 minutes of light at night suppresses biting and manipulates flight behavior in the Anopheles gambiae mosquito.

Scientists at the University of Notre Dame have found that exposure to just 10 minutes of light at night suppresses biting and manipulates flight behavior in the Anopheles gambiae mosquito, the major vector for transmission of malaria in Africa, according to new research published in the journal Parasites and Vectors. Critical behaviors exhibited by the species, such as feeding, egg laying and flying, are time-of-day specific, including a greater propensity for nighttime biting. A recent repo...
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‘IRISBOND’ is building solutions to allow controlling robots and systems using your eyes

  IRISBOND emerges from a close collaboration with the VICOMTECH Foundation, a member of the IK4 Research Alliance. Leading one of its applied research lines in artificial vision, VICOMTECH-IK4 develops a system based on the Eye Tracking principle, permitting accurate computer control by eye movement. Its direct application in the world of disability, and more specifically for people with reduced mobility, is the starting point for a course that purports to explore new developments in fa...
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3D cell culture is an artificially-created environment in which biological cells are permitted to grow or interact with their surroundings in all three dimensions

3D cell culture is an artificially-created environment in which biological cells are permitted to grow or interact with their surroundings in all three dimensions. Unlike 2D environments (e.g. a petri dish), a 3D cell culture allows cells in vitro to grow in all directions, similar to how they would in vivo. These three-dimensional cultures are usually grown in bioreactors, small capsules in which the cells can grow into spheroids, or 3D cell colonies. Approximately 300 spheroids are usually cul...
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UNIVERSITAT ROVIRA research suggest Obesity alters the relationship between a biomarker of iron levels and the incidence of type 2 diabetes

Obesity alters the relationship between a biomarker of iron levels and the incidence of type 2 diabetes The association between levels of a biomarker known as the soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and the risk of type 2 diabetes in a population with high cardiovascular risk is conditioned by the presence of absence of obesity Whereas in non-obese people, high levels of the soluble transferrin receptor are associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, in obese people t...
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University of Maryland Medical Center research suggest flax seeds provide nutrients and also health benefits to reduce the risk of chronic diseases

Flaxseed is emerging as an important functional food ingredient because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA, omega-3 fatty acid), lignans, and fiber. Flaxseed oil, fibers and flax lignans have potential health benefits such as in reduction of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune and neurological disorders. Flax protein helps in the prevention and treatment of heart disease and in supporting the immune system. As a functional ...
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DARPA aims to lay groundwork for the next era of world-changing electronics and microsystems

The Department of Defense’s proposed FY 2018 budget includes a $75 million allocation for DARPA in support of a new, public-private “electronics resurgence” initiative. The initiative seeks to undergird a new era of electronics in which advances in performance will be catalyzed not just by continued component miniaturization but also by radically new microsystem materials, designs, and architectures. The new funds will supplement the Agency’s FY 2018 R&D portfolio in electronics, photonics, ...
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‘PolarityTE’ novel regenerative medicine and tissue engineering platform that employs patients’ own cells for the healing of full-thickness functionally-polarized tissues

Functionally Polarized Tissue Polarity is an entirely new and radically unique regenerative medicine company committed to developing the first forms of functionally-polarized autologous tissues for use in medical procedures requiring reconstructive applications by surgeons and wound care specialists. At PolarityTE, revolutionary platform is being developed to induce cell and tissue polarity, creating uniquely functional tissue to mirror natural development in the human body. Using i...
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Radboud University Netherlands research suggest learning to read in your thirties profoundly transforms brain networks

Reading is such a modern cultural invention that, so far, there is no specific area in the human brain dedicated to it. An international team of scientists led by the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen and the MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig have found that learning to read as an adult reconfigures brain areas hitherto assigned to different skills. Most strikingly, evolutionarily ancient structures - located deep inside the brain - are more fundame...
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3D bioprinting is the process of creating cell patterns in a confined space using 3D printing technologies

3D bioprinting is the process of creating cell patterns in a confined space using 3D printing technologies, where cell function and viability are preserved within the printed construct. Current 3D printing technology has advanced quickly in recent years, enabling people to print 3D models of non-living objects. More recently, researchers in the biomedicine have also begun to use this technology to print human organs and tissues with devices called “3D Bioprinters.” Wake Forest Institute for R...
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Rush University medical Center research suggest, skin color is no shield against melanoma

Sidney Brown thought the mole on his nose was just an annoying pimple. He didn’t consider that it could be a cancerous tumor, because, Brown thought, “skin cancer is something white people get.” The misconception that people with more pigment — called melanin — in their skin cells are protected from cancer-causing ultraviolet rays nearly cost Brown his life. Non-whites have higher melanoma-related mortality rates Brown’s mole turned out to be a melanoma, the least common form of skin cancer...
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University of Tokyo have demonstrated that it is possible to exchange a quantum bit, the minimum unit of information used by quantum computers, between a superconducting quantum-bit circuit and a quantum in a magnet called a magnon.

Researchers in the University of Tokyo have demonstrated that it is possible to exchange a quantum bit, the minimum unit of information used by quantum computers, between a superconducting quantum-bit circuit and a quantum in a magnet called a magnon. This result is expected to contribute to the development of quantum interfaces and quantum repeaters. Magnets, often used in our daily life, exert a magnetic force produced by a large number of microscopic magnets – the spins of individual elect...
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NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover approached the upper end of “Perseverance Valley”

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity has reached the main destination of its current two-year extended mission -- an ancient fluid-carved valley incised on the inner slope of a vast crater's rim. As the rover approached the upper end of "Perseverance Valley" in early May, images from its cameras began showing parts of the area in greater resolution than what can be seen in images taken from orbit above Mars. "The science team is really jazzed at starting to see this area up close and ...
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World’s largest telescope under construction in Chile that will produce images 15 times sharper than Hubble with a light-collecting area bigger than all existing optical research telescopes combined

The Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) is an astronomical observatory and the world's largest optical/near-infrared extremely large telescope now under construction. Part of the European Southern Observatory (ESO), it is located on top of Cerro Armazones in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. The design comprises a reflecting telescope with a 39.3-metre-diameter (126 foot) segmented primary mirror and a 4.2-metre-diameter secondary mirror, and will be supported by adaptive optics, six laser guide...
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Gastrojournal – Prebiotics reduce body fat in children who are overweight or obese by altering their gut microbiota, according to new research

Increasing globally, particularly in children, obesity is a serious public health issue and risk factor for overweight and metabolic disease in later life. Both in experimental animal and human studies, advances in gene sequencing technologies have yielded intriguing possibilities for the role of the gut microbiome in later development of overweight status. Before translating study findings into practice, we must first reconcile inconsistencies between animal experimentation, and human adult and...
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‘ FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg’ has invited open challenge to researchers to submit a walking-visualization-tool of gait sequences based on given inertial sensor-based gait recordings acquired using intelligent engineering technology

What is this challenge about? IMAGINE - Innovative Medical Application on Gait Visualization using Intelligent Engineering The challenge asks researchers to submit a walking-visualization-tool of gait sequences based on given inertial sensor-based gait recordings acquired using intelligent engineering technology, which was developed at FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg. Seeing is believing: Doctors want to see how the patient was walking - even if they cannot see the patient. Your innovative visualiza...
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Georgia State University have rewired the neural circuit of one species and given it the connections of another species to test a hypothesis about the evolution of neural circuits and behavior.

Scientists at Georgia State University have rewired the neural circuit of one species and given it the connections of another species to test a hypothesis about the evolution of neural circuits and behavior. Neurons are connected to each other to form networks that underlie behaviors. Drs. Akira Sakurai and Paul Katz of Georgia State’s Neuroscience Institute study the brains of sea slugs, more specifically nudibranchs, which have large neurons that form simple circuits and produce simple beha...
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“Targeted drug delivery” growing trend for many chronic medical conditions.

Targeted drug delivery, sometimes called smart drug delivery, is a method of delivering medication to a patient in a manner that increases the concentration of the medication in some parts of the body relative to others. Despite the progress in techniques for cancer prevention, detection, and treatment, as well as for increasing the public awareness in recent years, this disease is projected to become the leading cause of death worldwide. Advancements in omics, analytical procedures, and high t...
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Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientists Design Molecular System for Artificial Photosynthesis

Scientists Design Molecular System for Artificial Photosynthesis System is designed to mimic key functions of the photosynthetic center in green plants to convert solar energy into chemical energy stored by hydrogen fuel Etsuko Fujita and Gerald Manbeck of Brookhaven Lab's Chemistry Division carried out a series of experiments to understand why their molecular system with six light-absorbing centers (made of ruthenium metal ions bound to organic molecules) produced more hydrogen than the sys...
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